Motivation is the psychological feature that
arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits,
controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. For
instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry, and
as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger.
There are many approaches to motivation: physiological, behavioral,
cognitive, and social.
Motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain
and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as
eating and resting, or for a desired object. Conceptually,
motivation is related to, but distinct from, emotion. Bounce back
from your mistakes.
Motivation can be divided into two types:
internal, or intrinsic motivation, and external, or extrinsic
Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is driven by an
interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the
individual rather than relying on any external pressure. Intrinsic
motivation is based on taking pleasure in an activity rather than
working towards an external reward. Intrinsic motivation has been
studied since the early 1970s. Students who are intrinsically
motivated are more likely to engage in the task willingly as well as
work to improve their skills, which will increase their
capabilities. Students are likely to be intrinsically motivated
attribute their educational results to factors under their own
control, also known as autonomy,
believe they have the skill that will allow them to be effective
agents in reaching desired goals (i.e. the results are not
determined by luck),
are interested in mastering a topic, rather than just rote-learning
to achieve good grades.
Extrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity in
order to attain an outcome, which then contradicts intrinsic
motivation. It is widely believed that motivation performs two
functions. The first is often referred as to the energetic
activation component of the motivation construct. The second is
directed at a specific behavior and makes reference to the
orientation directional component. Extrinsic motivation comes from
outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards
like money and grades, and threat of punishment. Competition is in
general extrinsic because it encourages the performer to win and
beat others, not simply to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the
activity. A crowd cheering on the individual and trophies are also
extrinsic incentives. The concept of motivation can be instilled in
children at a very young age, by promoting and evoking interest in a
certain book or novel. The idea is to have a discussion pertaining
the book with young individuals, as well as to reward them.
Comparison of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
Social psychological research has indicated that extrinsic rewards
can lead to over justification and a subsequent reduction in
intrinsic motivation. In one study demonstrating this effect,
children who expected to be (and were) rewarded with a ribbon and a
gold star for drawing pictures spent less time playing with the
drawing materials in subsequent observations than children who were
assigned to an unexpected reward condition.
So NLP provides you full awareness of what level of motivation you
need in your life to achieve excellent level of success.